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Foreign Policy Orientation of Independent Central Asian States: Looking Through the Prism of Ideas and Identities
The Korean Journal of International Studies 16-3 (December 2018), 389-410
Published online December 31, 2018
© 2018 The Korean Association of International Studies.

Alina Nomerovchenko, Jaechun Kim, William Kang [Bio-Data]
Received September 28, 2018; Revised November 19, 2018; Accepted November 21, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Since the Soviet dissolution in 1991, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan have promoted the most active foreign policies in the region. From a wide perspective, they both have much in common. They both were under Russian domination along with being ruled by their respective irremovable leaders. Despite all those commonalities, they both have taken different foreign policy paths. This article explores and discusses the interconnection between national identity and foreign policy construction in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan by examining comparatively at the driving forces through which the regimes adopted identities based upon historical narratives of their demographics that have led to the formation of divergent foreign policies (Uzbekistan’s unilateralism and Kazakhstan’s multilateralism). This article adopts the constructivist approach to answer the puzzle, where the theory delineates the connection and pertinence of national identity to foreign policy because the process of identifying the contrast of “self” and the “other” is socially constructed.
Keywords : national identity, foreign policy, constructivism, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan

17-1 (April 2019)