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The Making of a Cold War Turning Point: The Sino-Soviet Split and the Prelude to Detente with the United States, 1965-1968
The Korean Journal of International Studies 12-1 (June 2014), 113-36
Published online June 30, 2014
© 2014 The Korean Journal of International Studies.

Jein Do [Bio-Data]
Received March 31, 2014; Revised May 12, 2014; Accepted June 5, 2014.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
The Sino-Soviet border clash and the Nixon Doctrine make the year 1969 a watershed period in Sino-American and Soviet American rapprochement. However, there were subtle yet unmistakable shifts in the Chinese and Soviet positions towards the United States before the militarization of their conflict in 1969 set the Nixon Doctrine in motion. During the final collapse of the Sino- Soviet alliance from 1965-1968, China and the Soviet Union began to redefine the nature and immediacy of the American threat as being limited. From 1965, the Chinese leadership started alluding to the eventuality of rapprochement with the United States and downplaying the possibility of a direct Sino-American military confrontation over Vietnam.The Soviet Union, starting from late 1966, returned to the search for detente with the United States despite the warand became increasingly anxious to prevent a Sino-American rapprochement. The parallel devaluation of ideologyas a consequence of the Sino-Soviet split from 1965-1968 predisposed them to mutual toleration and understanding with Washington after 1969.
Keywords : Sino-Soviet split, Vietnam War, Cultural Revolution, Mao Zedong, Lenoid Brezhnev, Richard Nixon, Lyndon Johnson, detente


17-1 (April 2019)